976 first records of Plzen castle 992 Bishop St.Vojtech founds a small monastery and the church Kostelec P.Marie (of Virgin Mary) now of St.George in Doubravka XIII. century
1295 on the order of King Wenceslas II the locator Jindrich founds a town called Nova Plzen (New Plzen) on an area of approximately 20 hectares consisting of a rectangular network of 15 streets and a square XIV. century
1307 first written record of a brewery in Plzen, the document bears the oldest known town seal 1320 John of Luxembourg further extends the town area 1328 first record of the city s Latin School XV. century
1411 Jan Hus writes a letter to the people of Plzen expressing satisfaction with their moral quality and appeals to them to maintain their fortitude 1414 burgesses, led by the preacher Vaclav Koranda senior, expel members of the Order of German Knights from the city 1419 in November Vaclav Koranda brings a troop of South Bohemian Hussites led by Jan Zizka 1420 in March the Hussites leave the city and go to the town of Tabor. Plzen still inclines towards Rome 1421 Zizka besieges Plzen for the first time, but without success 1427 the Hussites besiege the town, they later besiege it in 1431 and 1433-1434 1434 19th September - Zikmund s Golden Bull liberates the inhabitants of the town from taxes, duties, tolls and other fees 1449 Plzen becomes a member of the Strakonice Anti-Podebrady Union 1460 Great Lake founded in Bolevec 1466 Plzen people secede from King George of Podebrady 1466 residence of the Prague Chapter in one kind in the town up to 1478 1468 Plzen inhabitants acknowledge Matthias of Hungary as Czech King 1468 first Czech book "Trojan Chronicle" is printed in Plzen 1480 Plzen inhabitants obtain a city magistrate's office XVI. century
1507 great fire, two-thirds of the town burn down, other fires in 1525, 1526, 1601, 1604, 1729, 1792, 1835 1546 after the death of Matous Svihovsky, last priest of the Order of German Knights, the city gains a patron's privilege to the parish church 1578 the city council passes a bill according to which no non-Catholic may become a burgess in Plzen, since then Plzen was always a faithful Catholic town 1599 Emperor Rudolf II flees from the plague to Plzen and stays here until 1600. The town temporarily becomes the capital of the empire XVII. century
1618 21st November - Plzen is conquered by the army of the Estates led by Arnost Mansfeld 1633
from December 1633 to February 1634 Albrecht von Wallenstein is staying in the city, he is murdered in Cheb on 25th February 1634 1635 the plague in Plzen, again in 1648, 1680, 1714; 1832 - cholera 1681 a plague column is erected in the square, it is the first public expression of Baroque in the city 1695 Jan Sladky Kozina, leader of rebels in the Chodsko region, executed in Plzen, his dead body hangs on the gallows for one year XVIII. century
1714 Dominican convent founded 1776 a grammar school set up in Plzen 1779 raabization (land reform) introduced an city lords' estates 1786 city population 5,246 1788 council authorities set up in the city 1795 start of the demolition of the city walls 1799 passage of the Russian Army, allies with Austria against Napoleon, 16-18th December General Suvorov stays in the city XIX. century
1804 Philosophical Institute set up 1818 first Bohemian theatre performance in Plzen 1819 first Bohemian school "of the 3 R's" founded, the first Czech school in the city 1827 foundation of the D.L.Levit tannery, the third largest in Bohemia 1832 first stone theatre built in Plzen and hospital opened 1835 spire of St Bartholomew's Church on fire 1836 2nd February - death of professor J.V.Sedlacek, representative of the first revivalist generation in Plzen 1840
Bedrich Smetana studies in Plzen 1842 city brewery starts brewing beer 1849 Sasky (later Roosevelt) Bridge opened 1856 11th July - death of J.K.Tyl in Plzen, buried in Mikulas Cemetery 1858 telegraph link with Marianske Lazne opened, gas-lighting set up in the square and main streets 1859 foundation of the Waldstein Engineering Works, purchased in 1869 by Emil Skoda 1859 the whole square cobblestoned (now the Square of the Republic) 1861 death of J.F.Smetana on 18th February, representative of the second generation of Plzen revivalists 1861 Plzen-Furth im Wald railway track opened (further tracks to be opened are: 1862 Plzen-Prague, 1868 to Ceske Budejovice and Vienna, 1872 to Cheb, 1873 to Zatec, 1878 to Zelezna Ruda) 1866 almost a two-month occupation of the city by the Prussian Army 1889 new city waterworks built on Homolka hill 1899 city power station built and electric trams introduced (Bory - Lochotin), constructed by Frantisek Krizik 1899 the Skoda Works becomes a joint-stock company XX. century
1902 new hospital opened in Bory 1902 new building of theatre opened (now the J.K.Tyl Theatre) 1906 4th May - death of Frantisek Schwarz, representative of the third revivalist generation in Plzen 1917 25th May - explosion catastrophe in munition factory in Bolevec, 300 people dead 1917 14th August - martial law declared in Plzen revoked after 14 days 1918 21st June - shots fired on children in Koterovska Street, six children dead 1918 28th October - the Czechoslovak Republic declared 1924 Greater Plzen created with the incorporation of villages of Doubravka, Doudlevce, Lobzy and Skvrnany - population now 108,023 1938 occupation of the border area by Nazi forces, Litice near Plzen attached to the Reich 1941 trolleybus operation begins 1942 city authority set up in Plzen, incorporation of villages of Bolevec, Bozkov, Bukovec, Cernice, Hradiste, Koterov, Radobycice, Ujezd 1942
11 air-raids on the city, 6,777 houses damaged or destroyed, 926 lives lost 1945 5th May - spontaneous uprising by the Plzen population against Nazi occupiers 1945 6th May - early morning the American Army came to Plzen, city liberated from Nazi rule 1945 Medical Faculty of Charles University set up in Plzen 1948 Pedagogical Faculty set up in Plzen 1949 Technical College of Engineering and Electronics set up in Plzen 1953 1st June - demonstration of Plzen population against the currency reform, suppressed by the People's Police and Communist authorities. Removal of the Liberation Monument with statue of T.G.Masaryk 1957 building of housing estates in the city suburbs (1957 Slovany, 1961 Doubravka, 1966 Bory, 1968 Slovany, 1974 Lochotin, 1989 Vinice) 1972 population of Plzen reaches 150,000 1976 administrative unit of today's Plzen-city set up.
After various campaigns villages are definitively incorporated or separated. Further villages to be incorporated are: Cernice, Radobycice, Koterov, Cerveny Hradek, Krimice, Radcice, (Litice already incorporated in 1970)
1985 first section of the new Medical Faculty Hospital in Lochotin opened 1990 1st July - population of Plzen 175,038
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